The Ultimate Guide to Riga

Riga, Latvia. Riga Cityscape In Sunny Summer Day. Famous Landmark - Riga Dome Cathedral

Found on the windswept shores of the Baltic Sea in northern Europe, Riga is the largest city in and the capital of Latvia and one of the most vibrant and up and coming destinations to visit on the continent.

As well as being Latvia’s largest city this is the largest urban center in the entire Baltics, and consequently, Riga has grown to become the region’s center of culture, art, commerce, and history, making it an exciting destination to explore.

There are many museums explaining and exploring Latvia’s often turbulent history, some excellent art exhibitions and galleries, and some wonderful local restaurants, cafes, and markets to visit in Riga. To help you to plan your trip to the Latvian capital, here’s our ultimate guide to Riga.

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How to Get to Riga

Riga is located on the Baltic Sea overlooking the waters of the Gulf Riga but being the largest city in Latvia its urban area spreads out far inland along the banks of the Daugava River.

Riga is a well-connected city and as Latvia borders the neighboring countries of Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus and Russia, as well as maritime borders with the Scandinavian nations on the Baltic Sea, there are many transport routes across the region and further afield, making this an easy city to travel to.

Riga International Airport is the Baltic’s busiest airport and a hub for the local carrier, Air Baltic, as well as several other airlines. Air Baltic has connections across the region to most major European cities and to many of the former nation’s of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe and further afield in Central Asia.

There are also a great number of low-cost carriers operating out of Riga with Ryanair and Wizz Air having a particularly strong presence and great budget fares across Europe.

Riga has great land connections to European cities too with regular buses to the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius to the south taking around 5 hours or buses north to Tallinn, the Estonian capital, taking around 4 hours. There are long-distance buses to Belarus, Russia and even onto Poland and other western European nations.

Riga is also a stop on many Baltic Sea Cruises while the port has public ferries sailing across the water to Stockholm in Sweden, although this is a long, overnight journey.

Riga, Latvia - AirBaltic Aircraft preparation for departure in the Riga International Airport.

How to Get Around Riga 

Riga has a large urban area but the city center and the Old Town which are the main focus for visitors, are in fact, very compact and as such can be traversed easily on foot or by bicycle, which is a pleasant way to explore the cobbled streets and historic buildings.

If you do need to travel further afield, then there is a great network of local trams and buses which connect the center to most other districts, while an express bus runs regularly to the airport with a journey time of just half an hour.

If you need to take a taxi, fares are generally inexpensive, particularly if making use of the local ride-hailing services. The best app to download is Taxify which can also be used across the rest of the Baltic nations too.

RIGA, LATVIA -View on the public transport - the tram in Riga, rail-tracks and buildings that are located in the city center of Riga

The Best Time to Visit Riga

Riga’s far northern location ensures that it’s infamous for its icy, cold winters. From September onward you can expect temperatures to drop from their summer highs and in the New Year, January and February will be almost perpetually below zero degrees Celsius.

Although cold, winter can be a wonderful time to visit Riga still as the city is home to many light displays and around Christmas, many festive markets and celebrations which help people to cope with the long nights and the chill.

Summer temperatures never reach much higher than 30 degrees Celsius, but for Latvians used to the cold, this is incredibly hot. Summer is the most bustling and busy time of year to visit Riga and around the Solstice, you can even expect to find many parties and traditional celebrations that welcome in the longer days.

RIGA, LATVIA - Riga central Christmas market, Dom square, Old Town

What to Expect in Riga

Riga is one of northern Europe’s most historic cities and due to its location at the crossroads between the east and west, and due to its past affiliations with many other countries and empires, you can expect to find a multicultural and diverse capital where the past really is meeting the new.

The local language is Latvian, however, most Rigans will also speak Russian due to the country’s long tenure in the Soviet Union.

Due to changing dynamics and Latvia’s joining of the European Union though, most of the younger generation will speak excellent English too. The local currency is the Euro and you can easily find ATMs and money changers across the city.

Things to do in Riga

Explore the Old Town

One of the first things to do in Riga when you arrive in the city is to explore the Old Town. The city dates far back to the 1200s, however much of the historic center was unfortunately destroyed during the destructive battles for Riga that took place during World War II.

In subsequent decades, the former grand old architecture was gradually restored and today the Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Center worthy of your time.

Wander through the cobbled streets and narrow alleyways, while enjoying the colorful buildings and beautiful cathedrals of Riga.

RIGA, LATVIA - Buildings of the old city Riga. Architecture of old town of Riga. Riga is the capital and the largest city of Latvia widely known due to its unique medieval and Gothic architecture.

Latvian National Opera

The Latvian National Opera dates back to 1912 when locals began creating more national institutions to assert the Latvian desire for independence.

Although two world wars then interrupted the development of the Latvian opera, the Soviet period and then later eventual independence saw a resurgence in operatic performances in Riga.

If you have the opportunity and your stay coincides with a performance then a Riga must see is most certainly a Latvian opera.

RIGA, LATVIA - Latvian National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater house

Shop at the Central Market

One of the most interesting of the Riga attractions you have to explore during your time in the city is the Central Market. This is one of the largest marketplaces in the Baltics, if not Europe, and it’s a great place to immerse yourself in both the city’s culture and culinary tastes.

Riga Central Market is home to a huge array of shops and market stalls selling everything from fresh fruit and vegetables to caviar and dried fish, alongside clothing, drinks and almost anything else you could imagine.

A visit here can be one of the best things to do in Riga in winter, as the warming interiors are brightly lit and you can find all sorts of hearty, delicious food and drink to heat you up.

RIGA, LATVIA,The Latvian Radio building in Riga Dome Cathedral Square, historic Old town (Vecriga), Riga, Latvia, Europe with Midsummer celebration market for "Jani" summer festival.

Places to visit in Riga

National History Museum of Latvia

The perfect place to begin to learn more about Latvia’s ever-intriguing past is at the National History Museum of Latvia. This historic institution dates back to 1869, although the exhibits have changed locations several times.

The national museum tells the story of the nation’s struggle for independence through the centuries alongside cultural exhibits too.

National History Museum of Latvia

Museum of the Occupation of Latvia

Throughout its history, Latvia has always struggled under the yoke of larger foreign powers.

The Museum of the Occupation of Latvia tells the dark stories of the country’s invasions in the 20th century by Germany and Russia and the ensuing occupations, with Latvia only gaining independence from the Soviets in 1991.

Riga Latvia- Day view of the Museum of the Occupation of Latvia. Museum visitors may become acquainted with historical documents pictures and items testifying occupation power politics in Latvia

Freedom Monument

The Freedom Monument in Riga is dedicated to those citizens who have given their lives over the years in the struggle for Latvian independence.

The monument was erected in 1935 to commemorate the war of 1918 -1920 that gave Latvia short-lived independence. The Soviets almost destroyed it, but it survived and now continues to form a centerpiece for an independent Latvia.

RIGA, LATVIA - Latvia 100 years. Soldiers guard of honor at the Freedom Monument. The inscription on the monument to Latvian FATHERLAND AND FREEDOM

Riga Castle

Riga Castle is located on the banks of the river in the center of the Old Town and can trace its foundations back to the 14th century.

Since then it has been expanded, destroyed and rebuilt more than once and is today the home of Latvia’s President.

Riga Castle in Riga, the capital of Latvia at winter time

Town Hall Square

Town Hall Square forms the heart of Riga’s Old Town and is a wonderful place to visit to take in the historic architecture of the UNESCO World Heritage area.

This is where many of the most famous buildings are found, including the iconic House of the Blackheads. A walk to Town Hall Square is one of the best things to do in Riga at night as the area is always beautifully lit up when darkness falls.

RIGA, LATVIA -View on the The Town Hall Square, Roland Statue and The Blackheads House are located in the city center of Riga

Albert Street 

Albert Street is another of Old Town Riga’s most popular and historic areas to visit.

This is a wonderful place to explore as the street is lined with buildings that are famous for their unique Art Nouveau style dating back to the turn of the 20th century.

Art Nouveau Museum 

If you are interested in learning more about Riga’s Art Nouveau influences then a visit to the Art Nouveau Museum is certainly in order.

The museum is found on Albert Street itself, inside one of the decorative apartments, and it can be one of the more unusual things to do in Riga.

Motor Museum

The Riga Motor Museum offers you the opportunity to learn more about the motorized world, and to view one of the largest and most diverse collections of motor vehicles found anywhere in the world.

City Riga, Latvia. Oldtimer car festival at capital Riga. Urban city view, peoples, cars and buildings.

What to Eat in Riga 

Riga has a fantastic selection of restaurants serving up both international and local cuisine. The Old Town has a great array of traditional eateries where you can find Latvian specialties.

Many restaurants are hidden away in old cellars or in cozy surroundings and the hearty Latvian food will keep you warm even in the coldest of months, with a huge focus on stews, potatoes, and broths. Alternatively, visit the Central Market for an even more authentic look at Latvian food.

A few must-try dishes when visiting Riga include Pelmeni Dumplings, the local sausages, and Beetroot Soup. The local spirit that’s more than worth a try is Black Balsam, a type of flavored vodka.

Russian meat dumplings pelmeni on wooden rustic background.Russian pelmeni

Where to stay in Riga

Naughty Squirrel Hostel

The Naughty Squirrel Hostel is an exciting place that lives up to its intriguing name. This is the city’s backpacker haunt, where you can find cheap but quality lodgings and meet some like-minded travelers to enjoy Riga with.

Opera Hotel and Spa

As far as Riga hotels go the Opera Hotel and Spa is one of the most well known and well revered in the city. It’s perfectly sited next to the Opera house and offers luxurious spa facilities at mid-range pricing.

Dome Hotel

The Dome Hotel is an opulent offering in the center of the Old Town that’s found in one of the city’s oldest buildings, a location which dates back over 400 years. It’s five stars and will suit any luxurious needs.

Riga, Latvia - Roma Hotel and Laima Clock on the Old Town of Riga city

Tours to do in Riga

Walking Tour

The best way to see the quaint, charming, cobbled streets of the Old Town is on a guided walking tour. Join a local guide to learn more about Riga’s ever interesting history.

Food Tour

Go on a tour of the best eateries in Riga and explore the local food markets with great food guides who can show you the best dishes and places to dine in the city.

Soviet Tour

Learn about the darker past of the Soviet Occupation from locals who experienced the communist years first hand, in an intriguing tour that shows you the city’s recent Soviet history.

Riga, Latvia - Touristic red double-decker hop-on hop-off City Sightseeing tour bus on the street of Riga city

Day trips from Riga

Hill of Crosses

Actually located south across the border in Lithuania, a trip to the Hill of Crosses is still an easy day trip from Riga that gets you to another Baltic nation and lets you explore a unique hill that is literally covered in crosses.

Rundale Palace

Rundale Palace is found south of Riga and is one of the country’s most historic and elegant palaces. Dating to the 18th century, it’s architecturally beautiful and a wonderful place to spend the day.

SHAULULIA, LITHUANIA - Legendary and holy hill of crosses, place of pilgrimage and worship of Christians around world. Hill of Crosses is unique monument to history of religious folk art

Recommend budget tours in Riga

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The Ultimate Guide to Riga
The Ultimate Guide to Riga
The Ultimate Guide to Riga


  • Samantha King

    Sam, a seasoned traveler across four continents and 49 countries, is a leading authority in travel planning. Her website, Travelling King, offers tailored itineraries and expert guides for seamless trips. Sam's expertise in luxury travel, fast travel, and destination guides keeps her at the forefront of the travel community.

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